Atlantic Coast Joint Venture  

Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs)

BCRs are regions that encompass landscapes having similar bird communities, habitats, and resource issues. They are the fundamental biological units through which NABCI will deliver landscape-scale bird conservation, including evaluation, planning, and in many instances, implementation. 67 Bird Conservation Regions have been identified in North America, 35 entirely or partially in the United States, 3 strictly in Canada and 29 strictly in Mexico.

View a hot-linked map that provides BCR descriptions, contacts, and corresponding joint venture areas for all BCRs

BCRs in the Atlantic Coast Joint Venture

Click on a BCR and jump to the appropriate description.

Map of the ACJV Bird Conservation Regions
The eight Bird Conservation Regions (BCRs)
partially or wholly within the joint venture boundary.

Atlantic Northern Forest (BCR 14) Atlantic Northern Forest (BCR 14) Lower Great Lakes / St. Lawrence Plain (BCR 13) New England / Mid-Atlantic Coast (BCR 30) Appalachian Mountains (BCR 28) Piedmont (BCR 29) Southeastern Coastal Plain (BCR 27) Peninsular Florida (BCR 31) Puerto Rico and U.S.Virgin Islands (BCR 69)  

Lower Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Plain-BCR 13

Cooperative habitat conservation for migratory birds in the lower Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada took flight in 2001 with two international workshops hosted by the ACJV and Eastern Habitat Joint Venture. The purpose of the workshops was to develop an integrated, international approach to delivering conservation for all birds across the Lower Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Plain Bird Conservation Region. The objective of the workshops was to create a seamless, coordinated effort among the many partners in the U.S. and Canada to deliver habitat conservation for high priority migratory bird species. As a result of this effort and incorporating information from revised continental plans a BCR 13 Conservation Plan is now available.

Visit the NEW Lower Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Plain-BCR website to view the BCR 13 Final Draft Plan, Focus Area maps, Resources and much more.

Partners in Flight Physigraphic Region Plans within BCR 13

BCR 13 Coordinator:

Atlantic Northern Forest-BCR 14

The Atlantic Northern Forest planning effort was initiated with a workshop in December 2002 in Rockland Maine hosted by the ACJV and Eastern Habitat Joint Venture. Representatives from the four provinces in Canada and five states sharing the BCR worked together to develop a plan addressing species status, threats, population objectives, priority habitats, species/habitat suites, suggested actions for implementation, and a process to evaluate progress towards Bird Conservation Region goals. Highest priority habitats include coastal areas (saltmarsh, rocky shore, mud flats, and islands), freshwater wetlands, and spruce-fir forest (especially high-elevation forests). A conservation plan for this BCR “Atlantic Northern Forest Blueprint” was completed in July, 2005. The plan is a “living” document providing a means for linking concepts and detailed information and will be revised as bird conservation moves forward, information is gained, and progress on species conservation occurs. The goal of the BCR Plan is to foster implementation by providing a framework linking projects to conservation goals.

Visit the NEW Atlantic Northern Forest BCR website to view the Blueprint Document, Focus Area maps, Resources, and much more.

Partners in Flight Physigraphic Region Plans within BCR 14

BCR 14 Coordinator:

Appalachian Mountains-BCR 28 (NEW WEBSITE!)

In 2003, the Appalachian Mountains Bird Conservation Region (AMBCR) organized a partnership to deliver effective, scientifically-based bird conservation at a landscape scale to the diverse and ecologically significant Appalachian region. The AMBCR partnership, comprised of experts from state and federal agencies, the Atlantic Coast Joint Venture, non-governmental organizations, and industrial and private landowners with land management responsibilities and bird conservation interests, developed a Concept Plan to articulate the conservation goals of the partnership and establish a course of action. Upon approval of the Concept Plan in 2006, the partnership also decided to pursue Joint Venture status through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).

The Appalachian Mountains Joint Venture (AMJV) partnership is currently developing an Implementation Plan for approval by the USFWS. The AMJV's mission is " To provide a forum for partners to coordinate and improve the effectiveness of bird conservation planning and implementation in the Appalachian Mountains Bird Conservation Region in order to restore and sustain viable populations of native birds and their habitats ."

BCR 28 Coordinator:

Piedmont-BCR 29

Planning efforts in the Piedmont BCR are relatively new and being led by the USDA Forest Service. The BCR coordinator is in the process of creating a steering committee to begin a planning initiative in this region.

The Piedmont BCR 29 Implementation Plan

Piedmont Landowner Guide

Priority Bird Species in BCR 29

BCR 29 Coordinator:

New England/Mid-Atlantic Coast-BCR 30

The New England/Mid-Atlantic Coast planning efforts were launched in December 2004 with a workshop hosted by the ACJV and took new form when the Steering Committee met in April and developed issue-based Working Groups from the priorities that were identified in the workshop. Three working groups were initiated: (1) Habitat Mapping Working Group, (2) Regional Monitoring Working Group, and (3) Offshore Working Group. As a result of the working groups and incorporating information from revised continental plans a BCR 30 Conservation Plan is now available.

Visit the New England/Mid Atlantic Coast-BCR 30 website to view the BCR 30 Plan, Focus Area maps, Resources and much more.

Revised Species Focal Area Maps (6.16 MB Adobe pdf file)

Partners in Flight Physigraphic Region Plans within BCR 30

BCR Coordinator:

BCR 30 Habitat Mapping Group

The Habitat Mapping Working group is a consortium of agencies and organizations whose intention is coordinating the collection and use of spatially-explicit habitat information that will enable All-Bird conservation efforts within the Mid-Atlantic Bird Conservation Region. This working group envisions that systematic and standardized approaches to habitat mapping can serve as valuable conservation tools to assess and monitor the relative value of ecological services of landscapes to birds both within and between Bird Conservation Regions.

Contact for more information.

BCR 30 Regional Monitoring Working Group

The intent of the RMWG is to develop the tools necessary to assess the population status of tidal and freshwater marsh birds. The population information gaps for bird species dependent on these habitat communities have impeded the development of reliable conservation measures. The goal of this working is to assess the populations of tidal and freshwater marsh dependant birds during the breeding and non-breeding periods within and between BCRs, and set objectives to increase and maintain population levels. The group will identify the information gaps, develop regional strategies to initiate and maintain regional monitoring regimes, and develop a network of ground and administrative support for tidal and freshwater marsh birds. Current monitoring of tidal and freshwater marshes do not adequately sample marsh systems. The determination of population and habitat conditions are two key elements in both crafting conservation objectives and effecting positive change towards meeting those objectives.

Contact for more information.


Peninsular Florida-BCR 31

The State of Florida and other partners are ready for integrated bird conservation planning efforts to begin and there are tremendous opportunities for work on private lands where low intensity agriculture and silviculture are practiced. In these areas, focus should be on positive incentives such at tax breaks, conservation easements, or cooperative management agreements. Additionally, the Save Our Everglades program, Surface Water Improvement and Management Act, Florida's Everglades Forever Act, the South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force, and similar initiatives are in place and serve the basis for bird conservation in this region.

Florida Bird Conservation Initiaitve

The Florida Bird Conservation Initiative was formed as a voluntary public-private partnership that seeks to promote the sustainability of native Florida birds and their habitats through coordinated efforts that strategically address critical needs related to conservation planning, delivery of conservation programs, research and monitoring, education and outreach, and public policy.

Priority Bird List for BCR 31

Partners in Flight Physigraphic Region Plans within BCR 31

BCR Contact:


Puerto Rico-U.S. Virgin Islands-BCR 69

Although the Puerto Rico - U.S. Virgin Island Bird Conservation Region, BCR 69, is not officially under the framework of the North American Bird Conservation Initiative, it is recognized officially by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service as a discrete planning region for the conservation of bird habitats and bird populations in the Caribbean Basin.

When Puerto Rico became a member of the ACJV, a new bird conservation relationship began, a relationship extending throughout the Caribbean Basin, the Atlantic Flyway, and others parts of North America, and which is based on the conservation needs of shared species and hemispheric bird conservation values. New partnerships are evolving between universities, non-governmental organizations and federal agencies to protect land and to provide better information on conservation efforts in Puerto Rico.

Photo of a pearly-eyed thrasher - Photo credit:  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Puerto Rican Tody

Avian Conservation Planning Priorities for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands

BCR Contact:


The South Atlantic Migratory Bird Initiative

The South Atlantic Migratory Bird Initiative (SAMBI) delivers a habitat conservation strategy for the conservation of "all birds across all habitats," consistent with and complimentary to international, national, regional, and local migratory bird planning efforts. This conservation strategy is based on a strong biological foundation and fostering partnerships at all levels of implementation (international, national, regional, local) through a strong network of conservation partners, including federal, state, non-governmental organizations, and private landowners. A conservation plan for this region was completed in July, 2005.

The planning area or boundary for SAMBI is the eastern portion of BCR 27, the Southeastern Coastal Plain. The northernmost boundary in Virginia and the southeastern most boundary in Florida have been modified since the original boundaries of BCRs were delineated. These changes resulted from bird conservation partners in each of these states recognizing that the boundaries needed to be adjusted to reflect bird conservation priorities. Additionally, the majority of the western portion of BCR 27 is not addressed in this plan because the ACJV has no administrative responsibilities west of current boundary of the planning region.

Check out the NEW SAMBI website for planning documents, resources, maps, contacts and more!

BCR Coordinator:

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